The Correlation Between Nutritional Status with Hypertension Cases of Elderly Women in Central Java Province

  • Wiwik Wuandari Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Farida Nur Isnaeni Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Dyah Intan Puspitasari Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Nur Lathifah Mardiyati Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta


Hypertension is still the highest problem in non-communicable diseases (NCD) in
Indonesia and has increased cases from previous years. One of the factors that cause
hypertension is nutritional status. Objective: This study aimed to find the correlation
between nutritional status and hypertension cases of elderly women in Central Java
Province. Methodology: This is an observational study with cross-sectional design using
secondary data. Nutritional and hypertension status in Central Java Province was
derived from Baseline Health Research 2018. A total of 994 Central Java residents aged
55-64 years were used. Hypertension status was obtained from the average of three
measurements of systolic/diastolic blood pressure and nutritional status according to
BMI obtained from the body weight and height measurement. The chi square test with a
95% confidence level were used to analyzed the data. Results: Most of the respondents
was elderly (55-59 years old) (56%), working (65.6%), had normal nutritional status
(43.1%) and had hypertension (66.2%). There was a significant correlation between
nutritional and hypertension status of elderly women in Central Java Province (p =
0.000). Conclusion: Nutritional status is one of the factors contributing in the insidence of
hypertension. Therefore, health program in improving nutritional status is needed in
order to reduce the prevalence of hypertension.