FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PERILAKU IBU DALAM PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF: STUDY LITERATURE REVIEW

  • Febby Kusuma Wardhani Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang
  • Kartika Wijayanti Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang
  • Nurul Hidayah Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Abstract

Background : Mother's milk (ASI) is the most perfect food source for babies because it
contains various substances and antibodies that are important for the growth and
development of babies. Breastfeeding means providing nutrients with high nutritional
value needed for growth and development of nerves and brain, providing immunity
against several diseases and creating emotional bonds between mother and baby. The
problem of giving breast milk (ASI) to babies deserves serious attention from the
government and the community, and the ineffectiveness of exclusive breastfeeding can
cause nutritional disorders. The low coverage of exclusive breastfeeding is caused by
mothers who work outside the home and lack of knowledge on how to give exclusive
breastfeeding to babies. Exclusive breastfeeding behavior can also be influenced by the
so-called facilitation factors (education, knowledge, age, occupation, number of children
and breastfeeding experience), supporting factors (family income, availability of time and
maternal health), and driving factors (family support). and health worker support).
Objective: The general purpose of this literature review is to determine the factors that
influence the behavior of mothers in exclusive breastfeeding. Methods: The method used
in this study is a literature review design, article searches using a database from a
journal, namely Google Scholar. A total of 13 articles met the inclusion criteria. The total
sample used in 13 articles is 1310 respondents. The sampling technique in this research
is Cross Sectional. Results: The results of the literature review obtained nine factors that
influence the behavior of mothers in exclusive breastfeeding, including: knowledge,
education, attitudes, facilities and infrastructure, family support, work, values and
culture, motivation and husband's support. Conclusion: Of the nine factors that most
influence the behavior of mothers in exclusive breastfeeding, among others: knowledge,
education, attitudes, facilities and infrastructure, family support, and work.

Published
2022-06-30