Hubungan Antara Risiko Kardiovaskuler dengan Fungsi Kognitif pada Lansia di Kartasura

  • Sulistyani Sulistyani Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Yusuf Alam Romadhon Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
Keywords: cardiovascular risk; cognitive function; elderly


Cardiovascular disease is still a major public health problem. The Indonesian population
is an aging population, and the number of dementia cases is increasing. A good
understanding of the correlation between the risk of cardiovascular disease and dementia
will increase the accuracy in the long-term prevention of dementia in the community.
This study was intended to examine the correlation between cardiovascular risk and
early signs of dementia. 89 elderly integrated health center participants were voluntarily
involved in this study. This research is a cross-sectional design. Respondents were
measured for cardiovascular risk, using the Jakarta Cardiovascular Score (SKJ) and
measuring cognitive function using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE).
Statistical analysis using correlation and mean difference. There is a negative correlation
between the Jakarta Cardiovascular Score and the MMSE score (r=-0.311; p=0.003). In
the analysis of mean differences, it was found that there was a significant difference
between mild, moderate, and high cardiovascular risk in cognitive decline (MMSE score)
respectively, the MMSE mean [27.29; SD=3.51], [25.55; SD=5.42], and [24.82; SD=4.51];
with p-value = 0.010. There is an inverse correlation between cardiovascular risk and
cognitive function, statistically significant