The Relationship of Knowledge with Hand Washing Behavior in Students During The Covid 19 Pandemic

  • Rina Saraswati Universitas Muhammadiyah Gombong
  • Ilham Yoga Setyo Universitas Muhammadiyah Gombong
  • Sarwono Sarwono Universitas Muhammadiyah Gombong
Keywords: Hand Washing 1; Covid 19 2; Knowledge 3; Behavior 4

Abstract

Based on Basic Health Research (2018), the percentage of washing hands in children in
Indonesia reaches 49.8%, in Central Java Province it reaches 45.0%, and in Cilacap
Regency it is 38.5%. The behavior of washing hands is an act of hand hygiene to prevent
transmission of covid-19, based on the results of interviews conducted on students, it
was found that 7 out of 10 students did not know how to wash hands properly, and 6
out of 10 students said they did not wash their hands before eating. One of the factors
that can influence behavior is knowledge. The aim of this research is to determine the
relationship between knowledge and hand washing behavior in students during the
covid-19 pandemic. This study uses a quantitative correlation method using cross-
sectional design, the sampling technique uses a total sampling with 65 respondents.
The instrument used is a knowledge questionnaire and a hand washing behavior
questionnaire. The results of the study showed that knowledge of hand washing was in
the good category of 31 students (47.7%), 29 students (44.6%), and less than 5 students
(7.7%). As for the behavior of washing hands with good category as many as 28 students
(43.1%), only 21 students (32.3%), and less as many as 16 students (24.6%). The results
of the analysis chi- square obtained a p-value of 0.005, which means that there is a
relationship between knowledge and the behavior of washing hands. The conclusion of
this study shows that there is a relationship between knowledge and hand washing
behavior in students during the covid-19 pandemic.

Published
2022-06-30