Serapan Karbon Ekosistem Pada Wilayah Perkotaan Surakarta, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia

  • Munawar Cholil Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • D Danardono Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • M. Iqbal Taufiqurrahman Sunariya Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Vidya Nahdiyatul Fikriyah Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Muhammad Abdul Latief Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Kartika Cindi Wulandari Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
Keywords: Karbon, Net Primary Productivity, Perkotaan, Surakarta


Nilai serapan karbon ekosistem di kawasan perkotaan jarang diteliti karena kurangnya vegetasi sebagai media penjerap karbon. Padahal kawasan perkotaan memiliki tingkat emisi karbon tinggi yang harus diminimalkan jumlahnya. Di sisi lain, nilai serapan karbon di kawasan perkotaan sangatlah dinamis akibat adanya faktor alami dari lingkungan dan faktor non-alami akibat aktivitas antropogenik. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengidentifikasi nilai serapan karbondioksida di kawasan perkotaan dan untuk mengetahui variasi spasial nilai serapan karbon di kawasan perkotaan selama setahun. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa nilai serapan karbon di kawasan perkotaan tropis memiliki nilai yang cukup besar dibandingkan kawasan perkotaan di iklim sedang. Hal ini terjadi karena masih adanya ruang terbuka hijau berupa kebun di lahan pekarangan dan lahan pertanian.


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